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Computer Vocabulary Words

Last Updated: Thursday, January 7, 2016 2:50 PM

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A

Absolute Link = hyperlinks to other Web sites

Address bar = contains the URL or address of the active Web page; also where you type the location for the Web page you want to visit

Address book = where you keep a list of your e-mail contacts

Adware = computer software that displays advertisements

Animation = are special visual or sound effects that you can add to text or to an object for a presentation

Application Software = also called an "app," it is computer software created for a particular task or tasks; it is increasingly used to mean software that is downloaded for use on cell phones

Audience handouts = options for a presentation that allow the audience to have hard copies

Audio = sound, especially when recorded, transmitted, or reproduced

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B

Balance = An element of desk top publishing. Created by distributing the weight of various elements. This includes graphics, text, or lines.

Biometric Security Measures = Using the examination of a fingerprint, a voice pattern, or the iris or retina of the eye.

Bit = A BIT is short for binary digit. It can have 2 possible values: 0 or 1. It takes 8 bits to form a BYTE

Blog = a website that is regularly updated and operates like a journal with writing, opinions, experiences, photos, videos, and links to other information on it

Body = on a web page, contains information identifying the intended audience, purpose of the information.

Bold = having a strong or vivid appearance

Boolean Logic = is another way that you can search databases. Boolean logic consists of three logical operators: AND, NOT, OR

Bookmark = site or location that you have specially marked so you can locate it again

Browser = a software program that you use to retrieve documents from the World Wide Web (www)

Bulleted list = is a list of items preceded with bullets instead of numbers or other objects

Byte = eight bits are called a byte or character. Eight bits or combinations of ones and zeros. (The letter A is coded as 01000001)

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C

CD ROM/DVD ROM = A type of optical storage media that can read or write data onto a compact disc.

Cell = the point at which a column and a row intersects or meets

Cell tower = a cellular telephone site where an antennae placed on a high tower creates a cell in a cellular network

Central processing unit = also called the microprocessor, the processor, or central processor, is the "brains" of the computer.

Citation = an act of quoting providing the specific source of the material

Client = a piece of computer hardware or software that accesses a service made available by a server

Cloud computing = a computer network that allows for software and hardware to be placed on it, thereby removing the need to have them stored on your computer.

Column = vertical sections of a spreadsheet. Identified by a letter.

Computer = an electronic device that receives data, processes data, stores data, and produces a result (output).

Computer-Based Learning = using a computer as a tutor

Computer Crimes = a criminal act that is committed through the use of a computer, like getting into someone else's system and changing information or creating a computer virus.

Computer Fraud = conduct that involves the manipulation of a computer or computer data in order to dishonestly obtain money, property or value, or to cause loss.

Computer System = combination ofhardware, software, and data working together

Cookie = a packet of data sent by a Internet server to browser, used to identify the user or track their access to the server

Copyright = is the exclusive right, granted by law for a certain number of years, to make and dispose of literary, musical or artist work.

CPU = Central Processing Unit = the brain of the computer

Credible = offering reason to be believed

Currency = on a web page, refers to the age of the information; how long has it been posted, how often it is updated.

Cursor = a marker that can be moved about the screen (using the keyboard, a mouse, or a joystick) to indicate where input will appear

Cyberbullying = using technology to harm others through deliberate, repeated, and hostile attacks

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D

Data = is the information that is entered into the computer to be processed. Data consists of: Text, Numbers, Sounds, and images

Database = a computer system that stores enormouse amounts of data

Dead Zone = 1) a place or period in which nothing happens or in which no life exists or 2) a place where there is no cell phone signal

Debug = Identifying or repairing errors on the computer

Default = Revert automatically to a preselected option

Desktop = the first screen you see when the operating system is up and fully running.

Desktop Publishing = the process of producing professional-looking documents such as flyers, brochures, reports, newsletters, and pamphlets.

Digital Addiction = a type of addiction characterized by a dependence on the use of digital tchnologies such as cell phones and computers

Digital Security Certificate = a certificate given to webstites that verifies whether a website is seure or not

Distance Learning = using technology as a medium for schooling or learning

Document Theme = a set of formatting choices that include a set of theme colors, fonts, and effects

Domain name = the portion of a website name that identities the type of site. Microsoft.com is the domain name. The .com indicates it's a commercial site.

DOS (Disk Operating System ) = a character-based operating system. The user interacts with the system by typing in commands.

Downloading = receiving data, such as a music or video file, from a server or another computer system

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E

Editing = changing an existing document

Electronic Commerce (e-commerce) = having an on-line business

E-Mail = the capability to send a message from one person's computer to another person's computer.

Emoticon = the use of letters and punctuation in a message that indicates the emotion of the text ... ^_^ .... :)

E-Reader = a device or computer program used for reading electronic books

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F

Fair Use = a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work

File = a resource for storing information, which is available to a computer program

File transfer protocol (FTP) = an Internet standard that allows users to download and upload files with other computers on the Internet.

Flash Drive = A plug-and-play portable data storage device. Generally called USB Flash Drive. Also called Pen Drive or Thumb Drive or Jump Drive.

Focus = the element that pulls the reader's eye to a particular location. This can be a graphic or large headlines or titles.

Folder = logical location created by the user to store files (see file definition above)

Font = a typeface, size, and style, such as Times New Roman 12-point bold

Font Size = typically measured in a point (pt) size, which is the vertical measurement of the lettering. There are approximately 72 (72.272) points in one inch or 2.54 cm

Footer = on a web page, contains the author or contact person, date of revision

Form = an object you use to maintain, view, and print records in a database. Users can customize the appearance of the form.

Format = the process of preparing the disk to receive data. When a disk is formatted, it is organized into tracks and sectors

Formatting = the ability to control the appearance of the text and layout of objects on the page.

Formula = is a statement that performs a calculation

Formula View = printing your spreadsheet with the formulas showing instead of the result of the formulas

Function = a built-in formula that is a shortcut for common calculations such as addition and average

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G

Grammar Checker = checks each sentence in the document and points out grammatical errors.

Graphical user interface (GUI) = a symbolic "desktop" where various objects or icons are displayed. These graphical symbols represent files, disks, programs, and other objects.

Graphics = pictures and movies created using computers

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H

Hacking = involves invading someone else's computer, usually for personal gain or just the satisfaction of being able to invade someone else's computer.

Hacked = getting hacked means that your computer or computer network has been broken into without your permission

Hard Disk Drive = a computer device that reads, writes, and stores digital data

Hardware = is the tangible, physical equipment that can be seen and touched. Examples include the keyboard, CPU, monitor, and printer

Header = on a web page, contains a link to the sponsoring institution

History = display of a record of all the sites you have visited in the last 20 days

Hits = the number of returns on your keywords during a search on the web

Home page = the first page that's displayed when you launch your browser

Home row keys = keys include a, s, d, f, j, k, ], and;. These are called the home row because these are the keys from which all keystrokes are made

Hosting Service = a service, such as web hosting, provided by a company to give access to the Internet through servers

Hyperlinks (HTTP) = an area on a web page that, when highlighted and clicked on, will take you to another location on the web

Hypertext markup language (HTML) = This text-based program (language) is used to create documents for the WWW. HTML is a series of tags that are integrated into a text document.


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I

Identity Theft = a form of fraud where one person assumes the identity of another person

Input = data that is entered into the computer system via an input or storage device

  • Examples: Typing Letters, Inputting numbers, Adding new pictures, Making new videos, Installing new sound

Input Devices = enable you to input data and commands into the computer

  • Examples: Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner, Microphone, Video cam for IMing, Joystick

Intellectual property = property created from an original thought or idea

Interference = refers to any disruption or alterstion of a single in cell phones

Internet = was originally developed for the government to enable researchers around the world to be able to share information. Today, it is the largest network of connected computers in the world.

IP address= a string of numbers that indicates the location of a computer or server; commonly referred to as a web address or URL

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K

Keyboard = the most common input device for entering numeric and alphabetic data into a computer

Keyboarding = the ability to enter text by using the correct fingers without looking at the keys. This is also sometimes called touch typmg.

Keywords = describe the infonnation you are trying to locate while searching for data on the web

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L

Label = alphabetical text in a spreadsheet

Launch = to start or open a program or app

Layout and Design = the way graphics and text are used to produce a quality document.

Lists = a way to arrange and organize text on a Web page. Within HTML, there are three types of lists:

Ordered list - This is generally a numbered list
Unordered list - This is generally a bulleted list
Definition list - This is a list of terms with indented definitions


Local Area Network (LAN) = a series of connected personal computers, workstations, and other devices such as printers, scanners, or other devices within a confined space.

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M

Malware = computer software designed to harm a computer

Maximize = A feature of a GUI operating system that enlarges the window to the size of the screen

Menu bar = location on the screen where the commands that you will use are displayed

Microphone = A computer input device that converts sound waves into digital waves

Minimize = A feature of a GUI operating system that hides the application currently on screen

MLA = MLA Handbook for writers of research papers

Modem = communications hardware device that facilitates the transmitting and receiving of data.

Monitors = video display screens.

Mouse = a pointing device that rolls around on a flat surface and controls the pointer on the screen

Motherboard = a circuit board that contains many integral components. Some of the most important of these components are:

1) The central processing unit
2) Memory
3) Basic Controllers
4) Expansion ports and expansion slots

Multimedia = content and media that combines different content forms, such as text, audio, animation, and still images

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N

Navigation = is the ability to move through a web site.

Networks = connects one computer to other computers. This connection enables the computers to share data and resources.

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O

Open Source = a way in which software is developed that allows access to the source code of an application or software and is freeto update and use

Operating systems = provide an interface between the user or application program and the computer hardware. Such as Windows, MAC OS, Android, etc.

Output = Output shows what happens after the computer processes the data

Output Devices = enable the computer to give you the results of the processed data (Example: Speakers, Projectors, Monitors, Printers)

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P

Peripheral = a device is generally defined as any auxiliary device such as a computer mouse or keyboard that connects to and works with the computer

Piracy = the unauthorized reproduction or copying of music, video, or literature without permission

Plagiarism = representing the language or thoughts of an author as your own

Plug-in = something you can add to a software application to enhance its abilities

Pointing Device = an input device used to move the pointer (cursor) on screen. For example, the mouse for a desktop and the touchpad for a laptop

Power Supply = a component needed inside a computer so it can convert AC current from the wall outlet into DC currents.

Presentation graphics program = software to create a sequence of ideas and pictures to be shown as a presentation

Printers = an output device that transfers data to a paper format

Problem Solving = a logical guideline needs to be followed in order to identify the situation that could use technology to alleviate problems

Processing = an instance of a program running in a computer

Programming = the process of designing, writing, testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code of the computer programs

Protocols = a standard format for transferring data between two devices. TCP/IP is the agreed upon international standard for transmitting data

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Q

QR Code = Quick Reponse code, can hold a large amount of any kind of data in a 2D bar of code

Query = a question you ask about the data stored in a database. Querying a database means to search a database for specific records that meet a given criteria

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R

Random access memory (RAM) = Is short term computer memory

Read only memory (ROM) = ROM chips are found throughout a computer system. The computer manufacturer uses this type of chip to store specific instructions that are needed for the computer operations. This type of memory is non-volatile. These instructions remain on the chip even if the computer is off.

Record = a collection of fields in a database

Related search = pre-programmed queries or questions suggested by the search engine.

Relative Link = gives the file location in relation to the current document.

Report = contain the contents of the database. These reports can be used to summarize data, pulling out only what is needed.

Ribbon = area on the screen. The icons in this area allow you to change the appearance of your document. It is sometimes called the Formatting Tool Bar

Row = identified by numbers. Horizontal area on a spreadsheet.

Ruler = used to change paragraph indentations and margin settings.

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S

Scanner = an input device that scans documents and images, which can be imported into a computer

Search engine =is computer program to help you locate information on the Internet.

Server = a computer or series of computers that link other computers together and store information

Server Farm = A cluster of computer servers

Service Provider = a company that offers a service, such as web, cable TV, or phone

Shareware = software you can use for free for a specified period to try it out. If you decide that you like it and it meets your needs, you are suppose to pay for it.

Simulation = models ofreal-world activities

Site License = ability to purchase and install a software program on just the server and pay the vendor based on the number of users of that program.

Social Media = media that use Internet and cell phone apps to interact, collaborate, and create content

Social Network = a website designed for groups of people who publish their own information and share it with others such as friends, family, co-workers, etc

Software = is the intangible set of instructions that tells the computer what to do.

Software Piracy = Illegal copying and using software

Spam = e-mail that's sent to large groups of people who didn't sign up to receive it, spam may often contain viruses

Spell Checker = checks each word of the document against a dictionary of known words.

Spider = a search engine robot that searches the Internet for the keywords. It feeds the pages it finds to the search engine. =

Spreadsheet = a row and column arrangement of data used to enter, calculate, manipulate, and analyze numbers.

Spyware = a type of malware that unknowingly collects information from a computer

Status bar = displays information about document including current page number, total pages in document, location of cursor, and the status of some of the specialized key.

STEM = refers to careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

Storage = is a device that is used to help save or store information or data

Storage Device = is any computing hardware that is used for storing, porting and extracting data files

System Software = a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer's hardware and programs

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T

Table = a group of records in a database

Tablet = a highly portable computer shaped like slate or pad of paper, featuring a touch screen

Technology = is the application of scientific discoveries to the production of goods and services that improve the human environment.

Telecommunications = is electronically transferring data. Two of the most popular features of telecommunication are distance learning and teleconferencing.

Templates = pre-designed documents that are already formatted.

Text = is a word on the monitor or screen

Text area = area on the computer screen that will contain the information that you type

Textspeak = abbreviations and slang commonly used to shorten a text or message, like IDK or LOL

Thesaurus = assists with using different words in a document by suggesting synonyms.

Title bar = area on the screen where document names appear.

Toolbar = area on the screen where Icons (little pictures) of commonly used commands are displayed

Transitions = special effects that display when you move from slide to slide during a presentation

Trojan Horse = computer virus that does something different from what it is expected to do.

Typeface = a set of characters with a common design and shape. Typefaces can add mood or "feeling" to a document.

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U

Updating = is the process of adding, changing, and deleting records in a table to keep them current and accurate.

Uploading = sending data, such as music or video file, from a local computer system to a server or another computer

URL = Universal Resource Locator or the address of a website

User Interface (UI) = similar to GUI, is a set of commands or menus through which a user communicates with a program

User-Friendly = something that is easy to use, operate, and understand

 

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V

Value = is a number entered on a spreadsheet

Virtual Reality = an artificial environment that appears to feel like a real environment.

Video = refers to recording, manipulating, and displaying moving images

Viral = an object or media that is quickly shared due to its sudden popularity

Virus = a type of malware that replicates itself and spreads to other computers

Voice Recognition = devices that are used to "speak" commands into the compute and to enter text.

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W

Web 2.0 = refers to applications on the web that allow users to interact through user-generate content, design, and collaboration

Web Browser = software that helps to navigate the Internet, such as Chrome, Internet Explorer, or Firefox

Webcam = a video camera for computers used to provide real-time footage

WebQuest = a type of activity that uses the Internet for investigation and problem solving

Web Page = plain text document on the World Wide Web. Every Web page is identified by a unique address or URL.

Wide Area Network = a computer network that covers a large geographical area. Most WANs are made up of several connected LANs

Wi-Fi = networking technology that allows computer devices such as personal computers, laptops, and cell phones to communicate over a wireless signal

Wiki = a website that allows users to add and edit interlinking web pages

Wildcard character = the * symbol or asterisk is considered a wildcard character.

Window = rectangular area of the screen; used to display a program, data, or other information. Windows can be resized and moved around the screen.

Windows = the title given to the graphical user interface operating system for the PC created by Microsoft

Wizards = walk you through a series of steps in completing a task or document

Word Processing = provides the capability to handle text which makes it easy to create and modify all kinds of documents

Word wrap= text will wrap around the right margin and continue on the next line.

World Wide Web = a subset or an application that makes use of the Internet. The Internet can exist without the Web, but the Web cannot exist without the Internet

Worm = a type of computer virus that makes many copies of itself resulting in the consumption of system resources which slows down or actually halt tasks

WWW = World Wide Web or "the web"

WYSIWYG = "What You See Is What You Get."

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Last Updated: Thursday, January 7, 2016 2:50 PM

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